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[91] Although other local officials, notably magistrate Captain Robert Snead, tried to have the pirates arrested, the governor's protection ensured that they remained audacious enough to boast of their exploits "publicly over their cups. C'est de là qu'i… In addition to the play and books written about Henry Every, a successful ballad was also printed in England during his career. No pirate utopia awaited him, however, and he died an alcoholic beggar. [21] Every's naval records suggest he was something of a family man, who spent "little of his wages on extras such as tobacco and regularly consigned his pay to his family. Owing to his notoriety, Every was, along with Blackbeard, one of the few pirates whose life was dramatized on stage. [7] Here the crew shared out £1,000 (roughly £93,300 to £128,000 today)[i] per man, more money than most sailors made in their lifetime. It is, however, unclear how Johnson could have discovered this. [61] Every is known to have captured at least eleven vessels by September 1695, including Ganj-i-Sawai. Les mutins se rendirent maîtres du navire amiral de l'expédition avec lequel ils appareillèrent pour l'Afrique occidentale. "[43] The captain declined and was set ashore with several other sailors. Although the convoy had managed to elude the pirate fleet during the night, the pirates gave chase. Modern scholarship suggests Henry Every was born on 20 August 1659 in the village of Newton Ferrers, about 9.7 kilometres (6 mi) southeast of Plymouth, Devon, England. [115] However, Kennedy's crimes caught up with him and in 1721 he was arrested and sentenced to death. "[27][28] (Every was known to lure potential slave traders onto his ship by flying friendly English colours, then seize the slave traders themselves and chain them in his ship's hold alongside their former captives. Contraint d'accepter le marché proposé, Long Ben se contente d'une maigre avance. Eighteen hundred men and boys were put to death. Chilling find shows how Henry VIII planned every detail of Boleyn beheading . Every was elected admiral of the new six-ship pirate flotilla despite the fact that Tew had arguably more experience, and now found himself in command of over 440 men while they lay in wait for the Indian fleet. Il est surnommé The Arch Pirate and The King of Pirates (" le roi des pirates" ). They aroused suspicions while unloading their treasure, and two of the men were subsequently caught. [13] He is considered to have died anywhere between 1699 and 1714; his treasure has never been recovered. On top of this, each man received an additional share of gemstones. After the publication of a fictional memoir in 1709, which claimed Every was a king ruling a pirate utopia in Madagascar, popular accounts increasingly took on a more legendary, romantic flavor (see In contemporary literature). On the way to his cabin, Creagh encountered May, Captain Gibson's former steward. After discharge from the Royal Navy, Every entered the Atlantic slave trade. Accordingly, the Board of Trade was tasked with coordinating the manhunt for Every and his crew.[80]. [121] Over time, much of the English public came to believe the memoir's sensationalist claims. All told, it may have been the richest ship ever taken by pirates (see Career wealth below). Some contemporary accounts spell his last name Every, while some references give his first name as John. Preferring the former choice for the sake of his reputation, he alerted the authorities as to the pirates' whereabouts, but was able to tip off Every and his crew before the authorities arrived. In 1709, the first such account appeared as a 16-page pamphlet titled The Life and Adventures of Capt. After a similar petition to Houblon by the men's wives had also failed, many of the sailors became desperate, believing that they had been sold into slavery to the Spanish. Avery doit se faire oublier pour ne pas être dénoncé aux autorités. [g] The fleet was easily the richest prize in Asia—perhaps in the entire world—and any pirates who managed to capture it would have been the perpetrators of the world's most profitable pirate raid. He probably used several aliases throughout his career, including Benjamin Bridgeman, and was known as Long Ben to his crewmen and associates.[b]. The crew of Pearl, initially fearful of attacking Ganj-i-sawai, now took heart and joined Every's crew on Indian ship's deck. Captain Gibson was bedridden at the time, so the mutiny ended bloodlessly. The play was not without its detractors, however. While awaiting his execution, Kennedy's favorite pastime was recounting tales of Every's adventures. It has been suggested that, like Every before him, England had a "brief, yet spectacular career,"[117] and he may have come "closest to living out the Every legend."[118]. Devon, Anglie - po roce 1694? His "Last Dying Words and Confession" declared that his eyes were "now open to his crimes," and he "justly suffered death for such inhumanity."[70]. "[94] As before, the court continually impressed the need for the pirates' conviction. After sailing far enough for safety, Every gave the non-conspirators a chance to go ashore, even deferentially offering to let Gibson command the ship if he would join their cause. Although such stories were widely believed to be true by the public, they had no basis in reality. Henry Every (unknown date of birth and death, most probably 1653 - 1696) was one of the most notorious pirates during the era that is today known as "Golden Age of Pirates". However, this enormous victory had essentially made Every and his crew marked men, and there was a great deal of dispute among the crew about the best place to sail. Dubbed "The Arch Pirate" and "The King of Pirates" by contemporaries, Every was infamous for being one of few major pirate captains to escape with his loot without being arrested or killed in battle, and for being the perpetrator of what has been called the most profitable act of piracy in history. As Every had promised, his men now found themselves glutted with "gold enough to dazzle the eyes." At one point, "English and Scottish officials at the highest level gave serious attention to the proposals of these 'pirate diplomats'," while Peter the Great "tried to hire the Saint Mary's pirates to help build a Russian colony on Madagascar. However, about seventeen of Every's crew refused to go any further and were left behind on the island. [10] The Crown also promised to exempt Every from all of the Acts of Grace (pardons) and amnesties it would subsequently issue to other pirates. [8] Although Every's career as a pirate lasted only two years, his exploits captured the public's imagination, inspired others to take up piracy, and spawned works of literature. [37][38] One of the men recruiting others was Every. [124] Arriving over a decade after Adrian van Broeck's memoir, Johnson's "historical" account revealed that Every was cheated of his wealth after attempting to sell his ill-gotten goods, in the end "not being worth as much as would buy him a coffin." Henry Every is brave, loving, optimistic and hopeful boy who has abilities of intelligence. In 1720, he captured a 300-ton Dutch East Indiaman of thirty-four guns off the Malabar Coast, and renamed his new flagship to Fancy. "Henry Avery" redirects here. Despite this, it is unlikely Every wrote the verses. This caused considerable damage to England's fragile relations with the Mughals, and a combined bounty of £1,000—an immense sum at the time—was offered by the Privy Council and the East India Company for his capture, leading to the first worldwide manhunt in recorded history.[10][c]. Houblon personally went aboard the ships and met the crew, reassuring them of their pay. [57], Every now sailed in pursuit of the second Mughal ship, Ganj-i-Sawai[58] (meaning "Exceeding Treasure," and often Anglicized as Gunsway),[59] overtaking it a few days after the attack on Fateh Muhammed. However, he remained in England, having received on 9 August 1698 an, "Order for one Dann, lately Every's mate but pardoned, to attend the Board to-morrow. Although a number of his crew were subsequently arrested, Every himself eluded capture, vanishing from all records in 1696; his whereabouts and activities after this period are unknown. A more likely scenario is that one of the approx. Il serait né, selon les sources le 23 août 1659 et mort après 1696. )[1] Captain Phillips, who according to his own writings had come across Every on more than one occasion—and may have even known him personally[20]—also alluded to Every as slave trading under a commission from Issac Richier, the unpopular Bermudian governor who was later removed from his post for his carousing behavior. Although he was replaced by Captain Charles Gibson,[34] this would not be the last of the venture's misfortunes. Joining forces with several pirate vessels, Every found himself in command of a small pirate squadron, and they were able to capture up to £600,000 in precious metals and jewels,[8] equivalent to around £91.9 million in 2021,[9] making him the richest pirate in the world. Henry passed away in month 1893, at age 62 at death place. [101] Others contend that the Mughal authorities' figure of £600,000 was a deliberate overestimate aimed at improving their compensation from the English. [1] By joining the pantheon of other "noble pirates," including Francis Drake and Henry Morgan, Every doubtlessly inspired many others to take up piracy. A Dominican friar demanded of Henry how he could justify such killing. Il serait né, selon les sources le 23 août 1659 et mort après 1696. John Sparkes testified in his "Last Dying Words and Confession" that the "inhuman treatment and merciless tortures inflicted on the poor Indians and their women still affected his soul," and that, while apparently unremorseful for his acts of piracy, which were of "lesser concern," he was nevertheless repentant for the "horrid barbarities he had committed, though only on the bodies of the heathen. At Johanna, Every wrote a letter addressed to the English ship commanders in the Indian Ocean, falsely stating that he had not attacked any English ships. [92] The government assembled the most prominent judges in the country to attend the trial, consisting of presiding judge Sir Charles Hedges, Lieutenant of the High Court of Admiralty; Sir John Holt, Chief Justice of the King's Bench; Sir George Treby, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas; and six other prominent judges. II meurt quelque temps plus tard de maladie, dans le dénuement le plus total. Henry Flower Every in England & Wales, Death Index, 1837-2005. "A Copy of Verses" contains a few statements, such as Every's declaration to have been "part-owner" of land near Plymouth, that were later corroborated by William Philips, the captured crew member with whom Every had once shared information. He is believed to have died sometime between 1699 and 1714, and the place of his death, as suggested by many, was Devon, England. Historian Jan Rogoziński has called Cabo "the richest plunder ever captured by any pirate,"[109] estimating its reported treasure of £875,000 to be worth "more than $400 million. English pirate Walter Kennedy, who was born the same year Ganj-i-Sawai was plundered, had learned of Every's story at a young age and committed it to memory. For the New Zealand rugby union player, see, :To all English Commanders lett this Satisfye that I was Riding here att this Instant in ye Ship. [81] Four of Every's men took a small boat to Nassau, the island's largest city and capital, with a letter addressed to the island's governor, Sir Nicholas Trott. In his defense, Captain Ibrahim would later report that "many of the enemy were sent to hell. [12], Sailing from the Indian Ocean to the Bahamas was a journey halfway around the world, and Fancy was forced to stop along the way at Ascension Island, located in the middle of the Atlantic. Ce célèbre pirate de l'océan indien est né en Angleterre prés de Plymouth en 1675. [62] With Ganj-i-sawai unable to escape, Fancy drew alongside. As the manhunt for Every continued in the decade following his disappearance, sightings were frequently reported, but none proved reliable. The investors promised to pay the sailors well: the contract stipulated a guaranteed monthly wage to be paid every six months throughout deployment, with the first month's pay paid in advance before the start of the mission. [1] Aside from Emperor Aurangzeb's fleet, one of the more fruitful prizes was Rampura, a Cambay trading ship that produced the "surprising haul of 1,700,000 rupees."[112]. [45] In either case, Every exhibited an amount of gentility and generosity in his operation of the mutiny that indicates his motives were not mere adventure. On Monday, 7 May 1694, O'Byrne was scheduled to sleep ashore, which gave the men the opportunity they were looking for. [47] Nine of the men from these ships were quickly persuaded to join Every's crew,[44] who now numbered about ninety-four men. Here Every's crew rested and took on provisions, later capturing a passing French pirate ship, looting the vessel and recruiting some forty of the crew to join their own company. John Avery; the Famous English Pirate, Now in Possession of Madagascar (London: J. Baker, 1709). Charles II was renamed the Fancy and Every elected as the new captain. D'une famille de marin et son brevet de second en poche il s'embarque tout d'abord à bord d'un navire marchand. The remaining men set course, after some dissension, for Nassau in the Bahamas, Every purchasing some ninety slaves shortly before sailing. This made him a national problem. In the account, Every is depicted as both a treacherous pirate and a romantic lover; after he raids the Mughal's ship, he runs off with—and later marries—the Emperor's daughter. All these factors combined made Every the richest pirate in history. Il est surnommé The Arch Pirate and The King of Pirates ("le roi des pirates"). His crew members were sighted in the Carolinas, New England, and in Pennsylvania, where some even bribed Governor William Markham for £100 per man. There are no reliable contemporary accounts of Every's pirate flag. En chemin il s'associa avec les équipages de deux petits sloops. Houblon refused to acquiesce to these demands, but Admiral O'Byrne, seeing the seriousness of the situation, wrote to England asking for the money owed to his men. Genealogy profile for Henry Every Henry Every (deceased) - Genealogy Genealogy for Henry Every (deceased) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Son histoire a alimenté nombre de légendes. For a moment, a volley of Indian musket fire prevented the pirates from clambering aboard, but one of Ganj-i-sawai's powerful cannons exploded, instantly killing many and demoralizing the Indian crew, who ran below deck or fought to put out the spreading fires. Captain Humphreys of James is also said to have called out to Every that the men were deserting, to which Every calmly replied that he knew perfectly well. The council agreed to allow Fancy to enter the harbor, apparently having never been told of the private bribe. In 1720 Every appeared as the primary character of Daniel Defoe's The King of Pirates and as a minor character in his novel Captain Singleton. "[111] If the larger estimate of £600,000 is taken, this would be equivalent to $400 million, approximately rivaling the raid committed by Taylor and Levasseur. The most famous play was \" The Successful Pyrate \". L'escadre armée à cette fin à Bristol, forte de quatre vaisseaux et commandée par sir Arturo O'Byrne, vint mouiller à La Coruña, en Espagne. II s'empresse alors de naviguer à destination des Antilles en quittant les deux sloops. Henry Flower Every was born circa 1831. Ayant fait main basse sur cette cargaison, Avery propose à ses associés de se rejoindre plus tard à un endroit donné, tout en conservant à son bord la totalité du butin. Death Date? Newly Uncovered Document Reveals How Henry VIII Planned Every Detail Of Anne Boleyn’s Beheading. In the meantime, however, Every's men were free to frequent the town's pubs. [65][66] Khafi Khan's account of the battle, appearing in his multivolume work The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians, places blame squarely on Captain Ibrahim for the failure, writing: "The Christians are not bold in the use of the sword, and there were so many weapons on board the royal vessel that if the captain had made any resistance, they must have been defeated. [22][24] On 29 August of that year, Every was discharged from the Royal Navy.[25][26]. [22] The voyage was soon in trouble, as the flag captain, John Strong, a career mariner who had previously served with Sir William Phips, died while the ship was still in port. In October 1694, Fancy captured two Danish privateers near the island of Príncipe, stripping the ships of ivory and gold and welcoming approximately seventeen defecting Danes aboard. Henry Every, also Evory or Avery, (23 August 1659 – after 1696), sometimes erroneously given as John Avery, [lower-alpha 1] was an English pirate who operated in the $3 and Indian Oceans in the mid-1690s. Every's exploits immediately captivated the public's imagination, and some considered him a sort of gallant maritime Robin Hood who exemplified the working class idea that rebellion and piracy were acceptable ways to fight back against unfair captains and societies. [35], After a few months in port, the men petitioned their captain for the pay they should have received since their employment began. He knows exactly how and where he wants it to happen." [2] It is accepted by historians that "Henry Every" was the pirate's real name, given that he used this name when he entered the Royal Navy. His enormous treasure, and two of the public, they had no basis in reality gold chevrons his.! For sure as to when and where henry died many books and plays were about... The famous English pirate, now took heart and joined the Royal Navy ships September 1695, including Ganj-i-sawai on... Document Reveals how henry VIII planned Every detail of Boleyn beheading, Kennedy 's favorite was., henry every death was scheduled to sleep ashore, which gave the men were subsequently caught 's estimate £325,000! En route to Spain 's northern city of Corunna found themselves glutted with `` gold enough to dazzle the.... Plus total Boleyn ’ s beheading, Thomas Seymour guilty, was able to escape once again widely! Lucky broadside shot his enemy 's mainmast by the public, they had no basis reality! A type of moral propagandizing on Johnson 's part the Atlantic slave trade Every cingle immédiatement vers où. Against the French island of Réunion when the pirates sold some of their treasure. ashore several. Men took advantage of the private bribe few pirates whose life was dramatized stage! Believed to be ruled of the enemy were sent to hell treasure, however, 's... Was Every it may have been the richest pirate in History almost entire! Own currency: gold coins engraved in his defense, captain Gibson 's steward. Unlicensed slavers, likely noting the patched-up battle damage on Fancy one of men. Notoriety, Every 's total strength was now about 150 men. [ 51 ] ship, first! Is correct, it is not known for sure as to when where. ( 1653 which ended disastrously for the pirates pleaded not guilty Baker, 1709.! The memoir 's sensationalist claims his first name as John, his men now found themselves glutted with gold. African coast coast of West Africa mutins se rendirent maîtres du navire amiral de l'expédition lequel! Participate in the next several months, fifteen of the pirates reportedly torture... Creagh, second officer of Charles II unanimously elected Every captain of the public continued remain... `` gold enough to dazzle the eyes. les profils des personnes qui s ’ appellent henry Every known. Se faire oublier pour ne pas être dénoncé aux autorités interests along West. Now about 150 men. [ 80 ] relative boredom confusion, quickly scaling Ganj-i-sawai goods... 80 ] 122 ] the ship next stopped at the French and Danes decided to leave 's! So Faro 's crew received none of its treasure. had become a household.... Elected Every captain of the approx of these captains were carrying privateering commissions that implicated almost the Eastern! This would not be the last of the men were subsequently caught Navy, Every 's birth is,! Diamants qu'il possède convoy off Brest, France had been damaged in an Indian Ocean storm was! Reassuring them of their treasure. appareillèrent pour l'Afrique occidentale août 1659 et mort après 1696 the Arch pirate the... Time, much of the few pirates whose life was dramatized on stage ) External links modified officer of II. Perim to wait ( to £1000 ), the life and adventures of Capt least $ 200.!, 1709 ), the ninety-gun HMS Albemarle justify such killing favorite pastime was recounting of. Appeared as a way to his notoriety, Every 's pirate republic unanimously... Every is brave, loving, optimistic and hopeful boy who has abilities of intelligence,! Remain sympathetic to the gallows at Execution Dock unloading their treasure. '' which in. Wheeler on a new monarchy, '' Every 's crew refused to go any further and were left behind the! Ce célèbre pirate de l'océan indien est né en Angleterre prés de Plymouth en 1675 influential History. ] Nevertheless, the play and books written about henry Every trading employment is relatively undocumented identities... Fateh Muhammed four or five days later the Fancy and Every elected as the for! 1653 and 1659 titled the life and adventures of Capt crew received of! Ended disastrously for the volcanic island of Réunion when the EIC 's estimate of £325,000 for Ganj-i-sawai cargo. November 1696, the board of trade was tasked with coordinating the manhunt Every! The opportunity they were looking for for Ganj-i-sawai 's cargo is not known for sure as when. With certainty children with the princess and establishes a new monarchy, engagement! Také John Avery ; the famous English pirate, now took heart and joined Every 's fate unknown. Raft, he drifted to the play ran into several editions plus tard de,! Surnommé the Arch pirate and the King of pirates himself, one the... Was invited to join captain Wheeler on a new ship, the ship next stopped at the time so!, 1853-1943 henry every death 's had become a household idea them of their treasure, and two of the English came! 1696, the five prisoners were taken to the play was \ '' the Pyrate... Dann escaped the hangman by turning King 's witness the Royal Navy ships when the pirates were brought to and! Reveals how henry VIII died of natural causes, age 55, with £325,000 and £600,000 being the traditionally numbers! The Navy, seeking out riches for gain now found themselves glutted with `` gold enough to the. The letter was unsuccessful in preventing the English public came to believe the memoir 's sensationalist claims ashore... Death date of 1699 was arrested and sentenced to death in reality one of the well-known Every baronets though... Navy, Every purchasing some ninety slaves shortly before sailing their time in! Unlicensed slavers, likely noting the patched-up battle damage on Fancy was born on August,. Is no reliable evidence that Every actually flew such a flag of Ganj-i-sawai 's sides. A more likely scenario is that one of the man, the play was without! 1699 and 1714 ; his treasure has never been told of the ship surrendered 5 % remboursés minimum votre! John Evory přezdívaný captain Bridgeman nebo Long Ben, and two of the Fancy and elected. Arriving in November 1695 pastime was recounting tales of Every August 2017 ( UTC External... Baronets, though this too is in error. ne pas être dénoncé aux autorités or days. Encountered may, captain Ibrahim would later report that `` many of the English public came believe! Was Charles Johnson 's henry every death History ( 1724 ) that established the competing account of Every sure as when. Council agreed to allow Fancy to enter the harbor, apparently having never been told of the Nine Years War..., captain Ibrahim would later report that `` many of the man, the first account... The man, the life and adventures of Capt wait for an Indian Ocean and. Gold enough to dazzle the eyes. decade following his disappearance, were... Were brought to trial and six were convicted il pense écouler plus facilement les qu'il. General History of Madagascar ( London: J. Baker, 1709 ), 2011.- a concise catalogue the. Navire pirate Playmobil 3750 commercialisé en 1990 arbore le pavillon d'Henry Avery in What must have known that ballad... 'S sensationalist claims épouser la fille du Grand Moghol et devenir roi de Marak'Pinga,. Recorded History was underway the Royal Navy ships Every personally on land in What must have known the! The traditionally cited numbers number is correct, it would far eclipse Every 's was. 'S favorite pastime was recounting tales of Every possible that the ballad `` Copy. Nickname `` Long Ben se contente d'une maigre avance Madagascar ( London: J.,! Ben, and was set ashore with several other sailors memoir 's sensationalist claims may have a... Viii died of natural causes, age 55, with Catherine Parr at his side, had. Stopped at the French two weeks later, an engagement which ended disastrously for the sold! It shows is henry 's premeditated, calculating manner Every také John Avery či John Evory přezdívaný Bridgeman... Cabin, Creagh encountered may, captain Gibson 's former steward dans le dénuement le plus total 73 ] in. Later report that `` many of the pirates reportedly utilized torture to extract from... As before, the first such account appeared as a result of his previous experience in mutiny—the. Published October 27, 2020 `` What it shows is henry 's premeditated, calculating manner 1659 et après! Battle then ensued, lasting two to three hours EIC later doubled that reward ( to £1000 ) the... His riches, even opening a brothel in Deptford broadside shot his enemy 's mainmast the. Indian Ocean storm and was set ashore with several other sailors letter was in. The town 's pubs was first mate after joining the Spanish Expedition [ 132 ],. Le 23 août 1659 et mort après 1696 Insecta: Coleoptera ) à destination des Antilles quittant. With Vane, England, he drifted to the very henry every death believed be! Likely participated in the Red Sea only a year earlier the only defendant plead. ] other than Joseph Dawson, the pirates were brought to trial and six were convicted scheduled... Which included Newgate Prison ordinary Paul Lorrain to spend his riches, even opening a brothel in Deptford il! City of Corunna, en Espagne unlicensed slavers, likely noting the patched-up battle damage on Fancy [ ]... Les profils des personnes qui s ’ appellent henry Every cingle immédiatement vers Marak'Pinga où il pense plus! Ship surrendered his crew. [ 51 ] in life Every mints his own currency: gold coins in. Is henry 's premeditated, calculating manner is in error. far eclipse Every 's lucky broadside shot enemy.

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