In 2005, several attacks were foiled by the Malaysian Marine Police, in one case leading to the prosecution of the perpetrators.In addition, several regional initiatives have sought to boost security. Given this, labeling the Straits an unsafe waterway that belongs in the same bracket as the waters of Somalia, Iraq and Lebanon, as categorized by JWC’s list, seems unwarranted. The Strait of Malacca's geography makes the region very susceptible to piracy. Thus far, a definitive link between the two has yet to be established, although security analysts have speculated on the possibility of terrorists ‘subcontracting’ their work to pirates, leading to anxiety based on worst-case scenarios and questionable threat perception. Based on the sharp reduction of attacks, Capt. The Strait of Malacca is a vital global shipping lane. Singapore Strait, channel extending for 65 miles (105 km) between the Strait of Malacca (west) and the South China Sea (east). Japan has provided significant funding and resources to install and maintain navigational flow in the Straits, as well as pollution preventive measures.Despite the negative publicity given to the security situation in the Straits due to pirate attacks and heightened threat perception post 9-11, few attacks have occurred in the area. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Here is some key information about the strait: - The 900-km long (550 miles) Malacca Strait links Asia with the Middle East and Europe, carrying about 40 percent of the world’s trade. Chief ports include Belawan in Indonesia and Melaka Melaka or Malacca, state (1991 pop. Malacca, Strait of (məläk`ə), c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula.Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. The Strait of Magellan, also known as Straits of Magellan, or the Magellan Strait, is a navigable waterway in South America which separates the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego from the continental mainland, and connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Malacca was founded by Parameswara, the last king of Singapura who ruled from 1389 to 1398, and then fled after an invasion in 1398. The international community must put its money where their mouth is and match words with deeds to help littoral states address the security concerns in Straits in a cooperative manner that does not infringe upon the sovereignty of the states. The intense concentration in cargo traffic in the Straits has spawned a complex web of hub and feeder shipping networks within the region and with the rest of the world. • The proposal to set up an Information Sharing Center in Singapore by December 2006 is set out in the Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and armed robbery against Ships in Asia. Nazery Khalid is a Research Fellow, Maritime Institute of Malaysia. It is hence appropriate for the littoral states to speak strongly against the tendency to exaggerate security threats in the Straits, as underlined by JWC’s categorization of the waterway as a war-risk zone. The strait is on the route between Europe, the Suez Canal, the oil-exporting countries of the Persian Gulf, and the busy ports of East Asia. The littoral governments have provided substantial counter-evidence against the perception that they were not doing much to maintain security in the Straits. Strait of Malacca. In the event of US-China conflict, for example, it is foreseen that the Straits would become a major theater for their power projection, with US efforts to deny China access to Middle East oil by controlling the Straits. Efforts by littoral states to enhance security in the Straits The littoral states of the Straits have undertaken various initiatives aimed at curbing the menace of piracy and securing the waterway from the threats of terror. Rulers relied on the region's pirates to maintain control. The Straits thus present opportunities to both pirates and terrorists, while media coverage speculating on links between piracy and terrorist attacks in the Straits fan the flames of fear. The term carries different meaning to different people. The 11 September 2001 attacks on US commercial, political and military interests have spurred the maritime sector everywhere to reassess its vulnerabilities against potential acts of hostility and sabotage. Over time, initiatives such as the Eyes in the Sky, joint patrols and other enhanced security measures announced by the littoral states should serve to improve security in the Straits further and mitigate the perceived threat. An increasing number of insurers has begun charging additional war risk premiums for vessels using the Straits since the declaration. 1:18. 10. Some big-name shipping insurance underwriters had been known to raise their premium based on JWC’s categorization on the Straits of Malacca. In addition to these security threats, post 9-11 perception of the Straits as a high-risk area due to threats of piracy and worries over possible terrorist attacks have added to this burden. The Strait of Malacca is a marine strait. Kedah served as a western port on the Malay Peninsula. By all accounts, the measures implemented have proven to be effective, as evidenced by the encouraging reports by IMB and its vote of confidence in the improving security situation in the Straits. Between … IMB also manages the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Piracy Reporting Center dedicated to the suppression of piracy and armed robbery against ships. Credit: skyscrapercity.com Already saddled with the threat of piracy, which has long been a bane for users along the waterway, the potential threats from terrorism and war increase the burdens on the littoral states to maintaining security in the waterway. The decision to add the Straits to the committee's list of high-risk areas was taken following recommendations by a private defense consultant, Aegis Defence Services, which carried out risk assessments on the area and suggested that it was a potential site for a terrorist attack. Straits of Malacca: A vital waterway The Straits of Malacca is one of the world’s most vital shipping lanes. Most of these were, in the words of Capt. Hence, the burden rests on the insured to prove that his vessel was damaged or lost as a consequence of an insured peril. The Straits is a sea lane of immense strategic, political and economic importance not only to the littoral states but also to the international community. Carrying a third of world trade and half of its oil supplies, security in the Straits is a concern of everyone with a stake in the waterway. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. • The ‘Eyes in the Sky’ (EIS) initiative, a maritime air operation for surveillance over the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. EIS was mooted by the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia during the Shangri-la Dialogue July 2005 in Singapore to complement MALSINDO. Nevertheless, the efforts to maintain and secure the waterway have always been undertaken by the littoral states, and it is they who have shouldered the bulk of the costs involved as well. strait of malacca The Strait of Malacca is a narrow strait of water that divides the Indonesian island of Sumatra from Malaysia and Singapore.  Defining ‘terrorism’ is a task that is evoking very strong emotions in international relations. The custodians of the Straits face immense challenge to neutralize many potential threats, but of the major concerns in the Straits, ensuring the safe passage for vessels traversing it is the most pivotal. The ministers expressed their regret that the decision was taken without their consultation and failed to take into account their existing efforts to deal with the threats to safety and security in the Straits. It has denied asking insurers to charge higher war risk premiums for ships transiting the Straits of Malacca. Strait of Malacca (məläk´ə), c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula.Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages.Chief ports include Belawan in Indonesia and Melaka and Penang in Malaysia; Singapore is at the southern end of the strait. It is too early to evaluate the effectiveness of some initiatives like the coordinated patrols and the ‘Eyes in the Sky’ program, but it is fair to expect substantial improvements in security in the area once all the initiatives are running full steam. Strait of Malacca Located in the Indian Ocean, this strait is a shortcut for oil tankers traveling between the Middle East and the oil-dependent nations … This article offers an holistic perspective on security in the Straits of Malacca. Security threats in the Straits The Straits of Malacca face myriad threats that pose concerns for the littoral states and to all with any stake and interest in the Straits. During the seminar, a case study of the Malacca strait will be performed. Although it is unlikely that JWC will remove the Straits of Malacca from its list any time soon despite the protests, some encouragement can be drawn from the fact that piracy cases in the Straits are at an all-time low.
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