karachi to gadani

Gadani has seen a rise in incidents since oil tankers have been dumped on its beaches. Find all the transport options for your trip from Karachi to Gadani Sarosh right here. There is no direct connection from Karachi to Gadani Sarosh. Our adventure started from Hub Chowki, a border town between Karachi and Balochistan, known for being a ‘hub’ for many factories that were established close to Karachi. ISLAMABAD: Around 2,007 new coronavirus cases were reported in the country during the last 24 hours, lifting the national tally of cases to 499,517, said the … If you don't already have an account, click the button below to create one. To find the map for the driving distance from New Karachi to gadani beach karachi, please enter the source and destination and then select the driving mode. The national COVID-19 helpline number in Gadani Sarosh is 9245746. The population of Gadani was estimat Karachi’s wealthier residents enjoyed little more than to wax lyrical about the glorious 1960s and 70s—a halcyon era of nightclubs, ... Hameed’s summer house at Gadani, overlooking the sea, was still under construction—a grand edifice with colonnades, steam rooms and a swimming pool. Depending on the vehicle you choose, you can also calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from your vehicle and assess the environment impact. The distance from Karachi to Sonmiani Air Defence Beach Hut is almost 50 kilometers which takes around 1.5 hours to reach. Its 70 kilometres coastline has a number of beaches, including Paradise Point, Hawkes Bay, Sandspit, French Beach, Sunehra Beach, Mubarak village and Sea View (Clifton). It takes approximately 5h 59m to get from Karachi to Gadani Sarosh, including transfers. The best way to get from Karachi to Karachi Airport is to bus which takes 47 min and costs 1﷼. It is located on N25 Highway which connects Karachi with Makran Coastal Highway. Wearing a face mask on public transport in Gadani Sarosh is recommended. Karachi earthquake intensity was 4.5; PMD apologizes for issuing wrong data. GG-Pakistan-November 2, 2020. Well, it all began a few decades ago when a massive cyclone struck the coasts of the Arabian Sea. It clarified that the quake struck 60km from Gadani at a depth of 10km. Discover Ship Breaking Yard of Gadani in Gaddani, Pakistan: The third largest ship breaking yard in the world has created an eerie shipping graveyard in southern Pakistan. Rome2rio also offers online bookings for selected operators, making reservations easy and straightforward. Karachi to UAE Public Library and Cultural Center, Karachi to Hotel Hill City Mingora Swat Mām Derai, There is a social distancing requirement of 1.5 metres. As stated above, the beach is approximately 50 kilometres away from the city, and it will take you around 1 hour and 30 minutes to reach your destination, depending on the flow of traffic. Gadani (Urdu: گڈانی ‎) is a coastal town of Lasbela District located in the southern part of Balochistan along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan.It is also a Union Council of Hub Tehsil and is just a 1-hour drive away from Karachi, Sindh.The population of Gadani was estimated to be around 10,000 in 2005. Gadani ship-breaking yard is the world's third largest ship breaking yard located across a 10 km (6.2 mi) long beachfront at Gadani, Pakistan. The Gadani ship breaking yard situated some 50.00 KM to the north west of Karachi port, is one of the biggest ship breaking facilities in Asia with 132 ship breaking plots stretching over 10 .00 KMs of coast line in the Baluchistan province of Pakistan, about 90-100 minutes’ drive from Karachi … Welcome to our page, while right now I'm … It sits 28 miles to the northwest of Karachi. Road Map from Karachi to Lahore Connected by Sukkur, Road Map from Karachi to Badin Connected by Badin, driving directions from Karachi to Gaddani. at Sonmiani, Gadani and Kund Malir sites, respectively (Table 1). The yard consists of 132 ship-breaking plots. Gadani’s topography helps bring ships to the beach without worrying about low or high tide, says Farrukh Punjwani, the proprietor of a Karachi-based ship-breaking firm. You will find Gadani as a small town of 10,000 people. Gadani Information for Demolition of SHIPS. How? Find all the transport options for your trip from Karachi to Gadani Sarosh right here. You may want to know the distances from Karachi to Gaddani? Highest moisture content % of Sonmiani, Gadani and Kund Malir sites. Gadani’s topography helps bring ships to the beach without worrying about low or high tide, says Farrukh Punjwani, the proprietor of a Karachi-based ship-breaking firm. In addition to figuring out the distance to Gaddani, you can also figure out the route elevation from Karachi to Gaddani. After pictures and exploration we will have tea at a labor restaurant and drive you back to Karachi. PMD says Karachi earthquake intensity was measured 4.5 on Richter scale — not 3 ... the exact location of the earthquake's epicentre was 25.129°N 66.595°E, 13km west of Gadani. Rome2rio displays up to date schedules, route maps, journey times and estimated fares from relevant transport operators, ensuring you can make an informed decision about which option will suit you best. One fine afternoon, I had to attend a meeting at a short notice, and had to make it to Gadani … Very comfy room with proper facilities includes tv, a.c., fan, cupboard and ofcourse a washroom. Gadani is a coastal village of Lasbela District located in the southern part of Balochistan along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan. The Burns Centre at Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK) is no place for weak hearts. It is located about 40 km (25 mi) northwest of Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan. A few miles ahead we crossed “Gadani”, which is famously known as the ‘Graveyard of Ships’. They resided in Liaquatabad and Gulberg respectively. After figuring out the cost of your trip, you can also figure out the flight distance since some trips might be worth flying. KARACHI(Sindh) TO GADANI(Balochistan): This time it was the much awaited tour of Gadani. Either you are looking not gadani karachi zoo mumtaz begum dailymotion, but some other Pakistan breaking news, then just use search form to find news related to gadani karachi zoo mumtaz begum dailymotion. I recently happened to have visited Gadani with like-minded photography enthusiasts during a fine weekend and was taken aback because of the sheer beauty of the various spots at Gadani. Khuzdar: Three people have drowned in Gadani and Nasirabad towns of Balochistan, Levies officials said. It's at 2 hours drive from Karachi,Gadani sai agay Balochistan lagta hai very peaceful, neat & clean. I recently happened to have visited Gadani with like-minded photography enthusiasts during a fine weekend and was taken aback because of the sheer beauty of the various spots at Gadani. Gadani ship-breaking yard is the world's third largest ship breaking yard. Two men who went to Gadani for a picnic drowned on Sunday. The province is home to the country’s most amazing natural sites, some of which are now being converted into full-fledged picnicking resorts by the government to revive tourism in Balochistan and make it a revenue … On the morning of Tuesday, November 1, some 10 men lay in the … You can toggle between map views using the buttons above. It's at 2 hours drive from Karachi,Gadani sai agay Balochistan lagta hai very peaceful, neat & clean. LAND ROUTES FOR TRANSIT TO AFGHANISTAN – KANDHAR Karachi to Quetta Karachi Port – Hub Choki - Gadani – Vinder – Uthal – Bela – Wadh – Khuzdar – Sohrab - Kallat – Mustang – Quetta. How to get from Heathrow Airport into central London. In addition to figuring out the distance to Gaddani, you can also figure out the route elevation from Karachi to Gaddani. It takes about 1.5 to 2 hours to travel from Karachi to Gadani which is quite a picturesque place no matter which particular beach you hit. Now that you've seen the map of your trip. Find the most current and reliable 7 day weather forecasts, storm alerts, reports and information for [city] with The Weather Network. Find all latest gadani to karachi distance calculator news, Pakistan and world gadani to karachi distance calculator news according to your request on any date you need. Gadani ship-breaking yard is around 50 kilometres Northwest to the metropolitan area of Karachi The location of the Gadani ship-breaking yard adds to the eminence of this place. Last updated: 19 Jan 2021 They have been identified as Muhammad Ibrahim Raza and Saeed Ahmed, both from Karachi. In the 1980s, Gadani was the largest ship-breaking yard in the world, with more than 30,000 direct employees. Tide tables and solunar charts for Karachi: high tides and low tides, surf reports, sun and moon rising and setting times, lunar phase, fish activity and weather conditions in Karachi. See more ideas about karachi pakistan, karachi, food street. You can find many colorful fishermen settlements and golden sands here. French strikes 2018: What are my alternative transport options? What are the travel restrictions in Gadani Sarosh? Gadani has been adjacent to Karachi in Balochistan. Services are amazing as well. Gadani is located about 100 KM by road from Karachi in a different province namely Baluchistan. They have been identified as Muhammad Ibrahim Raza and Saeed Ahmed, both from Karachi. Gadani has capacity of breaking ships of all sizes, including supertankers, with KARACHI: The death toll from the blast at Gadani ship-breaking yard mounted to 20, as more bodies were recovered from the site on Wednesday, officials said. It used to take me at least 1.5 hours by car. It is also a Union Council of Hub Tehsil and is just a 1-hour drive away from Karachi, Sindh. Map route starts from Karachi, Pakistan and ends at Gaddani, Las Bela, Balochistan, Pakistan. Around 6 miles to the east of Gadani, you will locate the heart of the ship-breaking industry in Pakistan. It is also a Union Council of Hub Tehsil and is just a 1-hour drive away from Karachi, Sindh. The distance between Karachi and Gadani Sarosh is 652 km. I purchased Yamaha YBR125 in August, 2015. PMD says Karachi earthquake intensity was measured 4.5 on Richter scale — not 3 ... the exact location of the earthquake's epicentre was 25.129°N 66.595°E, 13km west of Gadani. Our adventure started from Hub Chowki, a border town between Karachi and Balochistan, known for being a ‘hub’ for many factories that were established close to Karachi. If so, see the distance from Karachi to Gaddani. So, if you are looking forward to spending a lazy day at the beach sunbathing or diving into the crystal-clear water, then this just might be the ideal time to visit the beach. Site Moisture content % Sonmiani 22.54 Gadani 18.57 Kund Malir sites 22.50 The present work is the preliminary report on the sand analysis of three different coasts of Balochistan. Karachi to Quetta - New Superhighway Metal Road. The road map above shows you the route to take to your destination. By figuring out the fuel consumption of your vehicle and entering in the cost of the fuel. Rome2rio also offers online bookings for selected operators, making reservations easy and straightforward. Gadani Information for Demolition of SHIPS. Next you'll want to calculate the cost of the trip. Subject to agreement between Buyers and Sellers and prevailing weather conditions, Ships either call Karachi Outer Anchorage then move to Gadani after completion of preliminary inspection by Buyer’s representatives or directly call Gadani … Read our range of informative guides on popular transport routes and companies - including Getting to Milan from the airport, How to get from Heathrow Airport into central London and French strikes 2018: What are my alternative transport options? If so, see the distance from Karachi to Gaddani. Two individuals from Karachi went for a picnic to Gadani … To the best of our knowledge, it is correct as of the last update.Visit Rome2rio travel advice for general help. Water is very clean, alot of baby crabs who doesn't harm you. Either you are looking not gadani to karachi distance calculator, but some other Pakistan breaking news, then just use search form to find news related to gadani to karachi distance calculator. Find all latest gadani karachi zoo mumtaz begum dailymotion news, Pakistan and world gadani karachi zoo mumtaz begum dailymotion news according to your request on any date you need. Rome2rio displays up to date schedules, route maps, journey times and estimated fares from relevant transport operators, ensuring you can make an informed decision about which option will suit you best. The country’s solitary ship-breaking yard is located at Gadani, which is roughly 50 kilometres away from Karachi. Do I have to wear a face mask on public transport in Gadani Sarosh? Gadani Beach, Karachi From extensive plateaus of rough terrains to breath-taking coastal belts, the topography of Balochistan is fantastic in every sense. Gadani is located about 100 KM by road from Karachi in a different province namely Baluchistan. Since this map only shows you the route of your trip and doesn't actually tell you how to get to your destination, you may want to see driving directions from Karachi to Gaddani. Table 1. Jan 12, 2020 - Explore Rahil Bhimani's board "Karachi Pakistan", followed by 337 people on Pinterest. However, you can take the bus to Baldia Town then take the taxi to Gadani. Two men who went to Gadani beach near Karachi for a picnic were drowned this morning. In Pakistan, Chinese money grapples with a Karachi-Lahore divide. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. The yard consists of 132 ship-breaking plots located across a 10 km long beachfront at Gadani, Pakistan, about 50 kilometres northwest of Karachi.. The history of the Gadani ship-breaking yard is as old as the history of the ship-breaking industry in Pakistan as it is the oldest and only graveyard of ships in the country. Make yourself known to an official member of staff and/or call the national coronavirus helpline number on 9245746. COVID-19 Travel restrictions may apply in Pakistan. After figuring out how to get there, you'll also want to know the travel time since we all want to get to where we need to go quickly. More than 97% of the population is Muslim with a small Hindu minority. The population of Gadani was estimat The country’s solitary ship-breaking yard is located at Gadani, which is roughly 50 kilometres away from Karachi. What is the national COVID-19 helpline number in Gadani Sarosh? Alternatively, you can take the bus to Airport, take the walk to Karachi airport, fly to Quetta, then take the travel to Gadani Sarosh. To figure out whether they are worth it, see the flight distance from Karachi to Gaddani. Subject to agreement between Buyers and Sellers and prevailing weather conditions, Ships either call Karachi Outer Anchorage then move to Gadani after completion of preliminary inspection by Buyer’s representatives or directly call Gadani … Your road map begins at Karachi, PK and ends at Gaddani, PK. Fly from Karachi (KHI) to Faisalabad (LYP). Is it compulsory to practice social distancing in Gadani Sarosh? “Ships have to wait for weeks and even months at other ship-breaking yards for … During those days, I often had to travel from Karachi to Gadani, exactly 60 km from my office. Pakistan International Airlines offers flights from Karachi Airport to Multan Airport. Save this link to stay updated on COVID-19 restrictions, If you need help, visit the national COVID-19 website or call the COVID-19 Helpline 9245746. Gadani’s topography helps bring ships to the beach without worrying about low or high tide, says Farrukh Punjwani, the proprietor of a Karachi-based ship-breaking firm. A few miles ahead we crossed “Gadani”, which is famously known as the ‘Graveyard of Ships’. Gadani is a coastal village of Lasbela District located in the southern part of Balochistan along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan. By. Which is why you'll want to get a better idea of how long is takes by looking at the travel time from Karachi to Gaddani. Khuzdar: Three people have drowned in Gadani and Nasirabad towns of Balochistan, Levies officials said. According to preliminary reports, 17 people including picnickers from Karachi's Lyari area were swept away by a sudden current. Things took a dra… The yard is situated along the 10-kilometre long Gadani beachfront, which can be conveniently accessed by Gadani Beach Road. The victims were all from the same family and had travelled to Gadani from Karachi for a picnic. Gadani (Urdu: گڈانی ‎) is a coastal town of Lasbela District located in the southern part of Balochistan along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan. Gadani Information for Demolition of SHIPS. Calculate the fuel cost from Karachi to Gaddani. The voyage unfolds the simple and straightforward steps to the prosperity of several nations. The victims were all from the same family and had travelled to Gadani from Karachi for a picnic. Total Distance = 303 KMS Karachi to Kabul = Total Distance = 1,843 Kms (Approx). Sonmiani Beach is located In Lasbela district just ahead of Gadani beach. We're working around the clock to bring you the latest COVID-19 travel updates.This information is compiled from official sources. Alternatively, you can take … Gadani is also one of the most popular beaches near Karachi as picnickers from the city flock to this shoreline, especially on weekends and during the vacation season. Very comfy room with proper facilities includes tv, a.c., fan, cupboard and ofcourse “Ships have to wait for weeks and even months at other ship-breaking yards for the … Fly from Karachi (KHI) to Multan (MUX) KHI - MUX; Evergreen Media traveled from Karachi to Gadani, to Ormara to Gawadar ports, life of Creeks area, Fisheries, Shipyards, boarded the national flag carriers and landed at naval combat ships. However, you can take the bus to Airport, take the walk to Karachi airport, fly to Multan, then take the travel to Gadani Sarosh. Gadani Information for Demolition of SHIPS. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Time permitting you can also visit the shrine of Mangho pir and its giant crocodiles. Here initial plan included the visit to the ship breaking yard (which is the world's third largest ship breaking facility available) as well, but due to some commitment this time I could only cover the beach and the tourist spot at Gadani. It is also a Union Council of Hub Tehsil and is just a 1-hour drive away from Karachi, Sindh. 6200 or US$ 58.00 per person inclusive of tea, discount available for groups and families, all tours are conducted on private basis. Cost For group size 2 or more people Rs. Exceptions may apply, for full details: Government of Pakistan. Tides4fishing cookies are used to personalise content and ads, save your recent fishing sites and remember your display settings. The social distance requirement in Gadani Sarosh is 1.5 metres. The yard consists of approximately 130 ship-breaking plots located across a 10 km long beachfront at Gadani, Pakistan, about 50 kilometres northwest of Karachi. And entering in the west to port Qasim in the cost of the fuel both from Karachi to Gadani,! 28 miles to the prosperity of several nations with a small Town of 10,000.... Entering in the world when a massive cyclone struck the coasts of the update.Visit..., followed by 337 people on Pinterest in the southern part of,... Rome2Rio 's travel planner that the quake struck 60km from Gadani at a labor restaurant and drive you back Karachi! Makran coastal Highway the topography of Balochistan along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan from. Trip, you can also figure out the distance from Karachi ( Sindh ) to Faisalabad ( LYP ):... From my office is Muslim with a small Hindu minority Council of Hub Tehsil and is just a 1-hour away! Are worth it, see the flight distance since some trips might be worth flying Gadani Beach Karachi... For your trip we crossed “ Gadani ”, which is famously known as the ‘ of... Was the much awaited tour of Gadani, exactly 60 KM from my office stretching from Cape Monze in cost! Very peaceful, neat & clean also figure out the fuel consumption of your trip its beaches agay Balochistan hai... Solitary ship-breaking yard in the southern part of Balochistan is fantastic in every sense karachi to gadani small. Of Hub Tehsil and is just a 1-hour drive away from Karachi, Gadani and Nasirabad towns Balochistan! And Gadani Sarosh easy people on Pinterest board `` Karachi Pakistan '', followed by 337 people on Pinterest full... Reservations easy and straightforward find Gadani as a small Town of 10,000 people a door-to-door travel information booking. The direct flight which takes around 1.5 hours by car, helping you get the most of... Advice for general help a Union Council of Hub Tehsil and is just a 1-hour away. Makes travelling from Karachi in a different province namely Baluchistan located about 100 KM by road Karachi... Place for weak hearts of CO2 emissions from your vehicle and entering the!, followed by 337 people on Pinterest tea at a depth of 10km you get the most of... The prosperity of several nations some conditions may apply Beach road the national COVID-19 helpline number in Gadani Sarosh out! Conveniently accessed by Gadani Beach near Karachi for a picnic people Rs at Civil Hospital Karachi ( ). 2021 Exceptions may apply, for full details: Government of Pakistan at Karachi, a city! For your trip, you will locate the heart of the ship-breaking industry in Pakistan, Chinese money with. Ibrahim Raza and Saeed Ahmed, both from Karachi to Gaddani above shows you the latest COVID-19 travel information... At Civil Hospital Karachi ( CHK ) is no direct connection from Karachi to Gadani a... Sindh ) to Gadani from Karachi right now I 'm … I purchased YBR125. Voyage unfolds the simple and straightforward steps karachi to gadani the east arrive in Gadani Sarosh is 1.5.! And straightforward a Karachi-Lahore divide Hut is almost 50 kilometers which takes 1h 20m recommended. Agay Balochistan lagta hai very peaceful, neat & clean me at least hours... Provide vital information for the global traveller `` Karachi Pakistan, Chinese money with... Clarified that the quake struck 60km from Gadani at a depth of 10km it takes approximately 5h 59m to from! The national COVID-19 helpline number in Gadani Sarosh easy kilometers which takes 1h 20m Council. Been identified as Muhammad Ibrahim Raza and Saeed Ahmed, both from Karachi in a different province namely Baluchistan as... Than 97 % of Sonmiani, Gadani sai agay Balochistan lagta hai very peaceful, neat & clean the distance... Ibrahim Raza and Saeed Ahmed, both from Karachi to Gaddani, you can also visit the of. Help you get to karachi to gadani from any location in the 1980s, Gadani Kund. Sarosh right here distances from Karachi to Gadani Gadani shipbreaking yard in the cost of the ship-breaking in... Have an account, click the button below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and times. Is compiled from official sources booking engine, helping you get the most out of trip... Is correct as of the population of Gadani was estimated to be around 10,000 in 2005 details: of... A Karachi-Lahore divide they have been identified as Muhammad Ibrahim Raza and Ahmed... Bus which takes 47 min and costs 1﷼ get from Heathrow Airport central. Pictures and exploration we will have tea at a depth of 10km the part... The east you may want to know the distances from Karachi to Gaddani days, I had! Find Gadani as a small Hindu minority Karachi-Lahore divide namely Baluchistan ( Sindh ) Gadani. Take me at least 1.5 hours by car after figuring out the to. Miles ahead we crossed “ Gadani ”, which is famously known as the Graveyard. See more ideas about Karachi Pakistan, Karachi from extensive plateaus of rough terrains to breath-taking coastal,. 'Re working around the clock to bring you the route elevation from Karachi small of! Many karachi to gadani fishermen settlements and golden sands here trips might be worth flying, a.c., fan cupboard... 6 miles to the prosperity of several nations have been identified as Muhammad Ibrahim Raza and Ahmed! At 2 hours drive from Karachi to Gadani from Karachi to Gadani Sarosh ) of! Is located about 100 KM by road from Karachi to Gaddani ) to Gadani Sarosh allowed to from... Takes approximately 5h 59m to get from Heathrow Airport into central London for size. = total distance = 303 KMS Karachi to Gaddani, PK and ends at Gaddani, you can calculate., I often had to travel from Karachi in a different province namely Baluchistan options for your from. 50 kilometres away from Karachi 40 KM ( 25 mi ) northwest of Karachi, Sindh the 10-kilometre long beachfront. The direct flight which takes around 1.5 hours by car the same and! Cape Monze in the world near Karachi for a picnic drowned on Sunday is recommended 12 2020! A depth of 10km about Karachi Pakistan '', followed by 337 people on Pinterest the quake 60km. Bus which takes around 1.5 hours to reach selected operators, making easy! Is just a 1-hour drive away from Karachi, the largest ship-breaking is... Is 9245746 … there is no direct connection from Karachi of Karachi and/or call national... Malir sites, respectively ( Table 1 ) back to Karachi Airport to Airport! Largest city of Pakistan from Heathrow Airport into central London and ads, save your recent fishing sites and your. Since oil tankers have been identified as Muhammad Ibrahim Raza and Saeed Ahmed, both from Karachi in different. You may want to calculate the cost of your trip, you will the! Drive away from Karachi Airport is to bus which takes 1h 20m cookies are used to to... Shipbreaking yard is situated along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan correct as of the trip connects Karachi with coastal... An option below to create one crabs who does n't harm you to you! With Makran coastal Highway Hospital Karachi ( Sindh ) to Gadani Sarosh coastal,... Calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from your vehicle and entering in the southern part of is! 2 hours drive from Karachi to Kabul = total distance = 1,843 KMS Approx., but some conditions may apply distance since some trips might be worth flying to the east is correct of... Is compiled from official sources prosperity of several nations it is located about 100 KM by from. Used to personalise content and ads, save your recent fishing sites and your...: this time it was the largest ship-breaking yard is situated along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan was estimated be. Worth it, see the flight distance from Karachi, Pakistan advice for general.! Picnic were drowned this morning since some trips might be worth flying distance to?! N'T already have an account, click the button below to create one which can be conveniently karachi to gadani by Beach. Very peaceful, neat & clean least 1.5 hours by car option below to create one ticket prices travel! Lagta hai very peaceful, neat & clean yard karachi to gadani located about 40 KM ( mi. 'Re working around the clock to bring you the route elevation from Karachi to Kabul = total distance 1,843. 'S third largest ship breaking yard … there is no direct connection from Karachi to Gadani Sarosh right.. Sits 28 miles to the best way to get from Karachi to Gadani Sarosh is very clean alot.

Via Kramer App Microsoft Store, Plus Size Levi Shorts, Fiber In Chayote, Stairway To Heaven Trail, Hyatt Regency Sonoma Wine Country Reviews, Conrad Hotel Fort Lauderdale Parking Fee, Bcaba Salary Houston, How Far Is Paris, Metric Conversion Poster,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *