kronshtadt class battlecruisers

The battlecruiser … It asked for another design, displacing 23,000 metric tons (22,637 long tons) and armed with 254-millimeter (10.0 in) guns, in early 1936, eventually designated Project 22, but this design was cancelled after the Soviets began negotiations in mid-1936 with the British that ultimately resulted in the Anglo-Soviet Quantitative Naval Agreement of 1937 and agreed to follow the terms of the Second London Naval Treaty which limited battleships to a displacement of 35,000 long tons (35,562 t). Ultimately, the two ships of the class — Kronshtadt and Sevastopol — would never be completed, due to the aforementioned limitations of Soviet heavy industries at the time, and the eventual commencement of the Great Patriotic War and the re-allocation of the necessary resources for other uses. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69 ), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [15], Light AA defense was handled by six quadruple, water-cooled mounts fitted with 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K guns. They had a fixed loading angle of 6° and their rate of fire varied with the time required to relay the gun. Kronshtadt Modules. Twelve 7u-bis water-tube boilers worked at a pressure of 37 kg/cm2 (3,628 kPa; 526 psi) and temperature of 380 °C (716 °F). It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. Construction of the ships was delayed as many domestic factories were already overloaded with orders and some components had to be ordered from abroad. A battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a large capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. https://naval-frontline.fandom.com/wiki/Kronshtadt_class_battlecruiser?oldid=5882. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Class: Kronshtadt-Class ⚔ Armament ⚔ Main Weapon. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The normal fuel oil capacity was 2,920 metric tons (2,874 long tons), which provided an estimated endurance of 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) at full speed. They wanted a ship not to exceed 23,000 metric tons with a speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph) and an armament of nine 254 mm guns, but the requirement proved to be too ambitious for the specified size and it increased to 26,200 metric tons (25,786 long tons) in the design submitted in June 1938. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The State Defense Committee revised the requirements and specified a size about 31,000 metric tons (30,510 long tons), an armament of nine 305-millimeter (12.0 in) guns, an armor belt 250 mm (9.8 in) thick and a speed about 31–32 knots (57–59 km/h; 36–37 mph). The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. Others. [10], The main armament consisted of three electrically powered triple-gun turrets, each with three 54-caliber 305 mm B-50 guns. He then asked if twin 380-millimeter (15.0 in) turrets could be used instead. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Stalin's decision that the Project 69 ships would use three shafts increased the shaft loading and reduced propulsive efficiency, although it did shorten the length of the armored citadel and thus overall displacement. These had two 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) stereoscopic rangefinders, one to track the target and the other to measure the range to the ship's own shell splashes. Their barbettes were protected with 330 mm of armor. The funnels had 20 mm armor for their entire height above the deck and a 50 mm box protected the smoke generators. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. They replied that the turrets were out of production, but new ones could be built. The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. Kronshtadt was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded She was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947 Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied … The Kharkhovskii Turbogenerator Works never completed a single turbine before the German invasion in June 1941. Their rate of fire also varied with the elevation from 7.5 to 4.8 rounds per minute. The Kronshtadt class battlecruisers would have displaced some 42000 tons, and probably would have carried either 9 12” guns in three triple turrets of six 15” guns in three twin turrets. Their rate of fire was 2.3 rounds per minute. [19], Machinery problems were likely to delay the ships well past their intended delivery dates of 1943–44. It was deemed superior to the Kongos at medium range and inferior to the Dunkerques at the same range, but generally superior to the Scharnhorsts, although it is doubtful that the Soviets were fully aware of the true specifications of the Kongōs as rebuilt or of the Scharnhorsts as the displacement of the latter had been given as 26,000 metric tons (25,589 long tons), more than 5,000 metric tons (4,921 long tons) short of their true displacement. Kronshtadt will be introduced in the game as Tier IX, no details if it will be Premium or a Reward ship. Right elevation of Kronshtadt class. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [5] Their elevation range was -5.5° to +30° with a fixed loading angle of 2.5°. The riveted hull was subdivided by 24 transverse bulkheads and used longitudinal framing in the citadel, but transverse framing for the structure fore and aft of the citadel. In the 1930s the Soviets began development of a large cruiser ("bol'shoi kreiser") capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, which the Soviets had not signed. Project 69: Kronshtadt-class Battlecruiser this took some time, but I had exams to pass >_> Some design elements were taken from the World of Warships version of this ship. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. Two of these were protected by 20 mm (0.79 in) of armor and were mounted atop the rear superstructure and the tower-mast. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, of which the Soviets were not a signatory. An attempt to import 14,000 long tons (14,225 t) of steel and armor plate from the United States in 1939 failed, probably as a result of the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser: | | | ||| | Side view as the design appeared in ear... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. [13] They could traverse at a rate of 12° per second and elevate at 10° per second. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. They were … Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. She was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947 and her dismantling began shortly afterwards. While the naval war in the Atlantic was winding down, the Soviet Admiralty decided to order the ships not only to further modernize their fleet, but to challenge the massive … It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. ?GFCS … To install click the Add extension button. The secondary turrets had 100 mm faces with 50-millimeter (2.0 in) sides and roofs and 75-millimeter (3.0 in) barbettes. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and … AA guns. This was presented to the State Defense Committee on 11 February 1941, but the design was not approved until 10 April when it ordered that the first two ships be completed with German guns while the others would continue to use the 305 mm guns. As designed they displaced 35,240 metric tons (34,683 long tons) at standard and 41,539 metric tons (40,883 long tons) at full load. [9], The Soviet shipbuilding and related industries proved to be incapable of supporting the construction of the four Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships as well as the two Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers at the same time. Kronshtadt— Soviet promo premium Tier IX cruiser. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Paint by Number kits aren’t just for kids. 4 x twin 100mm Dual Purpose guns. The speed remained the same as the deeper draft was offset by a more efficient propeller form. Only Kronshtadt '​s hull survived the war reasonably intact and was about 10% complete in 1945. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria.If you can improve it further, please do so. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR). [5], The Project 69-class ships were 250.5 meters (821 ft 10 in) long overall and had a waterline length of 240 meters (787 ft 5 in). [16], The ships had relatively light armor. A large gunship officially designated as a heavy cruiser but more of a high-speed "small battleship" by technical characteristics. The main calibre was … Krupp had six incomplete turrets on hand that had originally been ordered before the war to rearm the Scharnhorst-class battleships, but they were cancelled after the start of World War II when the Germans decided that they could not afford to have the ships out of service during the war. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69 ), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Prototypes of the armament and machinery had not even been completed by 22 June 1941, almost two years after the start of construction. They were similar in size and cost to a battleship, and typically carried the same kind of heavy guns, but generally carried less armour and were faster.The first battlecruisers were designed in the United Kingdom in the first decade of the century, as a development of the armoured … It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. Name: Kronshtadt. [16] The guns fired .732-kilogram (1.61 lb) shells at a muzzle velocity of 880 m/s (2,887 ft/s). [6] All of these changes added over 1,000 metric tons (984 long tons) to the ships' displacement and the sketch design was completed by 16 October 1940, as Project 69-I (Importnyi—Imported), even though they still lacked data for the turrets and their barbettes. Before the Germans evacuated the city they damaged her building slip and hull with explosives and made her a constructive total loss. These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II, but were completed later in the early 1950s. The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Operation Barbarossa. This list may not reflect recent changes . This meant that the main belt had to be extended upwards to meet the main armor deck at a significant penalty in weight. While the Frunze was intended to use B-38 16in guns, time overruns led to 15in guns from Germany being imported to use. Kronshtadt Preview The belt was 185 meters (606 ft 11 in) long and covered 76.8 percent of the waterline; forward of this was a 20 mm belt that extended all the way to the bow. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. The turrets were based on the MK-2 turrets planned for the Project 25 large cruiser. The tactical diameter was estimated at about 1,200 meters (1,312 yd). They were laid down in 1939, with an estimated completion date in 1944, but Stalin's naval construction program proved to be more than the shipbuilding and armaments industries could handle. Posted on October 2, 2017 by MSW. As a response to the German Scharnhorst-class battle cruisers, Stalin’s government had also ordered three battle cruisers that were laid down in 1939 and were designed to mount nine 16-inch guns. Two mounts were abreast the forward funnel, two just abaft the rear funnel and the last two on the centerline of the aft superstructure superfiring over the rear main-gun turret. Only Kronshtadt's hull survived the war reasonably intact being 10% complete in 1945, although she was considered to be obsolete. The Project 25 design was then rejected on the grounds that it was too weak compared to foreign ships and the whole program was cancelled in early 1938 after an attempt to modify the design with larger guns had been made. They were … [2], This was approved and the detailed design work began with the basic concept that the ship should be superior to the Scharnhorst-class ships and able to outrun the Bismarck-class battleships. The four Borodino-class battlecruisers (also referred to as Izmail class) of the Imperial Russian Navy were all laid down in December 1912 at Saint Petersburg for service with the Baltic Fleet. |state=expanded: {{Kronshtadt class battlecruiser|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible |state=autocollapse : {{Kronshtadt class battlecruiser|state=autocollapse}} shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{ navbar }} , a {{ sidebar }} , or some other table on the page with the collapsible attribute The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Naval Front-Line Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers. [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. A battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a large capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. The Soviets considered converting her into an aircraft carrier, but the idea was rejected and both hulls were scrapped in 1947. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. She was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded. 4 x twin 6 in guns. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. At this time the horizontal protection was revised after full-scale trials revealed that a 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) bomb would penetrate both a 40-millimeter (1.6 in) upper deck and a 50-millimeter (2.0 in) middle deck to burst on the main armor deck. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. A preliminary purchase agreement was made to buy twelve guns and six turrets later that month, well before any studies were even made to see if the substitution was even possible. [18], Two KDP-8-III fire-control directors were used to control the main armament. Her building slip was too short for her entire length so her stern was built separately. The upper deck was only 14 millimeters (0.55 in) thick and was intended to initiate shell and bomb fuzes. Proposals were made to complete her as an aircraft carrier and as a base ship for a whaling flotilla, but both ideas were rejected and she was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947. [1], However the Soviet Navy still felt a need for a fast ship that could deal with enemy cruisers and the original concept was revived as Project 69. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. 200, 61 Communards in Nikolayev. Maximum fuel capacity was 5,570 metric tons (5,482 long tons) which gave a range of 8,300 nautical miles (15,370 km; 9,550 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph) and 6,900 nmi (12,780 km; 7,940 mi) at 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph). They had a beam of 31.6 meters (103 ft 8 in) and at full load a draft of 9.45 meters (31 ft 0 in). This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The dual-purpose mountings had 50 mm armor with 40-millimeter (1.6 in) barbettes. [3], It was already apparent that the 305 mm guns and turrets were well behind schedule when Joseph Stalin asked the German representatives in Moscow on 8 February 1940 to negotiate a trade agreement if it would be possible to use the triple 283-millimeter (11.1 in) turrets in lieu of the triple 305 mm turrets of the Project 69 ships. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Their maximum range was 8,000 meters (26,247 ft). The Germans said that they would have to check back for the technical details. N-A:construction: Armor :construction: Waterline belt: 230 mm … Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. it … They produced a total of 210,000 shp (156,597 kW). Each section is labeled with a small number to show you the correct paint color so artists of all ages and experience levels can achieve impressive results. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! Project 69: Kronshtadt-class Battlecruiser this took some time, but I had exams to pass >_> Some design elements were taken from the World of Warships version of this ship. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. Her dismantling began shortly afterwards and was completed the following year. This page was last edited on 20 February 2018, at 17:57 (UTC). Some of her material was used during the Siege of Leningrad to repair other ships and in defensive works, but she could have been finished after the end of the war. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. 3 x twin 15 in guns. This meant that a lot of horsepower was necessary to achieve even modest speeds. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. Pages in category "World War II battlecruisers of the Soviet Union" This category contains only the following page. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR).. [7], The hull form was very full with a block coefficient of 0.61 which compared badly to the 0.54 of the Dunkerque, the 0.52 of the German O-class battlecruiser or the 0.5266 of the American Alaska-class cruiser. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The metacentric height was 2.8 meters (9 ft 2 in) for the 305 mm gunned ships, but dropped to 2.58 meters (8 ft 6 in) in the 380 mm gunned ships. Prototypes of neither had been completed by the time the Germans invaded. The Navy's Shipbuilding Administration thought that the original secondary armament of 130-millimeter (5.1 in) guns was too small and that the armor on the turrets, conning tower and the forward transverse bulkhead was too thin. It is also part of the Battlecruisers of Russia series, a featured topic. She was laid down on 5 November 1939 and estimated as 11.6% complete on 22 June 1941. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Type: Battlecruiser. That's it. These ships had a complex and prolonged design proces You could also do it yourself at any point in time. List of ships of Russia by project number, "Russian 305 mm/55 (12") B-36 Pattern 1937 305 mm/55 (12") B-50 Pattern 1940", List of battlecruisers of the Soviet Union, Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs. The conning tower had 330 mm sides and a 125 mm roof with a 230 mm communications tube running down to the armor deck. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. By this time, however, details were becoming available for the Scharnhorst-class battleships and the ship was deemed inferior to the German ships. Work on these ships ceased shortly after the German invasion. This conversion was initially accepted, but the red army understandably more interested in funding the red army and not the red navy, had gained control of a committee on naval needs, and used that to get the conversion cancelled, ending any hope of Izmail, last of the Borodino-class Battlecruisers, and any chance of a Soviet capital ship until the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser … Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. They were still on the slipways when the Germans invaded in 1941 and construction was suspended. The big problem is definition. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. Ive been reading up on the Lexington and G3 class battlecruisers and looking at how the Devs would classify them if they ever show up. Similarly the 37-millimeter (1.5 in) anti-aircraft guns behind turret number three had to be raised as well. They were … I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. 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Gun mounts: Севастополь ) was built by the end of 1935, but turrets... Be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser 12° per second and elevate at a rate fire! And their rate of fire also varied with the magic of the WIKI 2 every and. On this excellent venture… what a Great idea were -5° to +45° with a very long firing range with! Down on 5 November 1939 and judged 10.6 % complete in 1945, although she considered! It will be Premium or a Reward ship 38 cm cannons and machinery had not even been completed the!

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